With half of Congress on break and the other half returning this week to work on a, the prospects that negotiators will soon seem dim. The stalled talks also leave in the dark when the IRS could send a to , and if it will happen as part of a larger package or as standalone legislation.
Here’s what we do know: Prior to pausing talks, White House and congressional leaders all agreed another $1,200 stimulus payment would be part of the next rescue bill.
“The president wants us to do more,” Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said Tuesday. “He wants us to provide money for kids and jobs, and a second round of the PPP and direct payments are a clear part of that.”
We even got an hint for when the next check could arrive after a final deal is inked. Mnuchin has said he can have the IRS send a second payment within a week of the bill being signed into law. That’s quicker than the 19 days it took for theto go out after the CARES Act passed in March.
Though everything now hinges on talks restarting on Capitol Hill, we’ve worked out some possible dates for when you might get more economic relief money. This story updates often as the news continues to develop.
How soon the IRS could deliver the second stimulus check
Several scenarios could play out. Though still unlikely, Republican and Democratic negotiators could pick discussions back up and reach an agreement in late August — House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has called the House back into session to vote on the US Postal Service bill, but it’s unclear if stimulus package discussions will continue. Negotiations could also slide into September after the new congressional session officially begins.
Complicating the timeline, both parties hold their national conventions this month —, and . Meanwhile, the House of Representatives and the Senate are adjourned until after Labor Day, which is Sept. 7.
Here are some possible dates that another stimulus bill could pass and the IRS could send the first checks. For reference, we also include the timeline for the now expired. Keep reading to see who could get their payment first.
When could the second stimulus checks go out?
|Date passed by Senate||Date passed by House||Date signed||First checks sent|
|Original CARES Act||March 25||March 26||March 27||April 15|
|If Senate passes||If House passes||If President signs||First checks could be sent|
|Final negotiated bill||Sept. 8||Sept. 9||Sept. 10||Week of Sept. 21|
|Sept. 10||Sept. 11||Sept. 14||Week of Sept. 28|
|Sept. 14||Sept. 15||Sept. 16||Week of Sept. 28|
This group would get their stimulus checks first
It’s likely the IRS would use roughly the same calculations and tools for sending out the second stimulus check as it did for the first one, including the IRS Get My Payment tool forpayment and signing up for .
The IRS sent the first batch of stimulus checks to people who had filed 2018 or 2019 tax returns and had already provided the IRS with their direct deposit information, according to the House Committee on Ways and Means (PDF). Following that model, the next stimulus payment could first reach people who’ve already registered for direct deposit, either as part of their 2019 tax filing or before.
The next group were Social Security beneficiaries who had direct deposit information on file with federal agencies. (About 80 million people got their checks through direct deposit in the first week they were disbursed, according to the IRS.)
Paper checks didn’t start getting mailed out until about a week later, to people who hadn’t signed up for direct deposit, but you could still register for the electronic bank transfer as late as May 13. The first Economic Impact Payment debit cards, which are prepaid, were sent in mid-May to about 4 million people.
Why your stimulus check could arrive later than other people’s
We won’t know for sure until a new bill is passed and the IRS forms a plan to send out checks, but here are points to consider.
Changes to aid for dependents: This depends on which version of the bill passes. The CARES Act allotted $500 for dependents age 16 and under. The Republican-backed HEALS Act also allocates $500 for dependents, of any age. But the Democrat-backed Heroes Act suggests $1,200 for a maximum of three dependents. If a change is made, even if it ultimately leads to more money being sent, it could require the IRS to adjust its accounting system. That may potentially slow things down for you.
Banking status: With the first checks, people who didn’t submit direct deposit information to the IRS had to wait longer to receive the stimulus money through the mail. As of June, 120 million people received the stimulus money through direct deposit, 35 million through a check in the mail, and 4 million through a prepaid debit card. The IRS hasn’t provided an update on how many people received a stimulus check by Aug. 1.
Banking status has affected the speed of payments since the CARES Act passed, disproportionately impacting Black Americans and other people of color, according to an analysis (PDF) by the think tank Urban Institute. People who are white and whose incomes were above the poverty line were more likely to have received their first stimulus check by the end of May than people who are Black, Hispanic or below the poverty line, the analysis found.
People who didn’t make enough money to be required to file federal income tax returns in 2018 or 2019 also would not get a stimulus check unless they submitted a form to the IRS, according to a report from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. This group includes low-income families with children and a far greater number of Black people and people of color.
When’s the latest date you could receive the new stimulus check?
Once again, the schedule for the first stimulus checks may provide a potential roadmap, but there’s no official news until another rescue package is finalized.
The IRS will have sent about 200 million checks by the time the agency is done distributing the first raft of payments. (The total US population is over 330 million people, according to the Census Bureau.)
The majority of those were sent by the beginning of June, though the IRS said it will continue to send payments through the end of the year.
How you can get more help
If you’re still waiting on the first round of coronavirus payments, you can, learn and find possible .
Here are even more resources aboutand , , and , and how to .
Shelby Brown contributed to this report.